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什麼是鍵盤佈局?

鍵盤佈局只是計算機或筆記本電腦鍵盤上按鍵的排列。它定義瞭如何將數據輸入系統以及如何使用每個密鑰。我們今天看到的鍵盤基於 QWERTY 設計,其歷史可以追溯到 20 世紀初期,從那時起就一直用於打字機。但是,不同的鍵盤具有不同的佈局,有些鍵盤可能具有特殊功能,例如額外的可編程鍵或內置媒體控件。

最常見的鍵盤佈局類型有哪些?

兩種最常見的鍵盤佈局類型是 QWERTY(代表“查詢、輸入、寫入、擦除、鍵入”)和 Dvorak(來自“Dvorak 簡化鍵盤”)。兩種佈局都具有相同順序的字母字符,但標點符號和數字的顯示方式有所不同。

QWERTY 是兩者中更常用的一種,因為它是專門為打字機設計的。這解釋了為什麼儘管德沃夏克提供了更高效的打字技能,但今天計算機仍然使用這種類型的佈局。

我可以在不同類型的鍵盤佈局之間切換嗎?

是的!大多數現代操作系統都為用戶提供了在各種類型的鍵盤佈局之間切換的能力,包括 QWERTY 和 Dvorak。在 Windows 10 中,用戶可以在“控制面板”>“區域和語言”>“鍵盤和語言”>“添加鍵盤佈局”選項下手動選擇要使用的語言。還有一些第三方應用程序,例如 Key Switcher,允許用戶根據他們在任何給定時刻完成的任務在多種類型的輸入法之間輕鬆切換。

更改鍵盤佈局是否可以提高打字速度?

這取決於——大多數改用 Dvorak 的人都會注意到他們的打字速度有所提高,因為它允許他們比傳統的 QWERTY 設置更快地訪問某些字母。然而,需要時間和練習來了解所有字符的位置,因此立即切換不會有太大區別,除非您已經了解序列在這樣的鍵盤上如何工作。一些研究表明,經常使用這兩種設置的用戶最終會達到相似的速度,無論他們最初選擇哪一種,只要他們隨著時間的推移對任一佈局選擇進行足夠的練習,因此學習新技術也可能是有益的。

選擇特定鍵盤佈局時是否還有其他考慮因素?

除了打字速度優化目標 - 是的!不同的語言需要特定的佈局,因此,如果您打算與能流利地說另一種語言的人一起工作或交流,請確保在開始打字之前選擇兼容的語言,以獲得更好的準確性和理解結果。此外,與傳統設計相比,一些符合人體工程學的鍵盤重新排列了字母位置,因此如果工作流程活動中的舒適度也很重要,請留意這些鍵盤。

是否有任何工具可以用來測試我的鍵盤佈局?

是的,對於那些想要測試鍵盤佈局的人來說,有一些選項可用。其中最好的之一是 Key Hero,它提供在線打字速度測試,可讓您測量各種佈局的速度和準確性。您還可以找到許多可下載的應用程序,例如 Typing Master Pro 和 Klavaro,它們可讓您練習不同的佈局並提供即時反饋以幫助您更快地進步。對於更認真的打字員,有專業的打字導師計劃,例如 Typing Instructor Platinum 或 Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing,專門設計用於提高鍵盤技能並優化您在各種軟件和服務中的表現。

如何更改鍵盤佈局?

更改鍵盤佈局是一個簡單的過程,只需要很少的步驟。首先,您需要在設備上找到“設置”應用程序,然後選擇區域和語言選項卡。從那裡,您可以從下拉列表中選擇任何可用的佈局,通常包括 QWERTY 和 Dvorak 等選項。選擇所需的佈局後,只需點擊“應用”或“確定”,您的設置就會自動保存。

如果您使用的是 Windows 計算機或筆記本電腦,那麼您還可以通過鍵盤首選項面板更改鍵盤佈局。您可以在“系統偏好設置”->“鍵盤”->“輸入源”部分中找到它,您將在其中看到可用輸入法和佈局的列表,包括 QWERTY 和 Dvorak。只需單擊您想要的選擇,然後點擊“完成”即可保存您的更改。

需要注意的是,如果您在兩種不同類型的鍵盤之間切換(例如,從 QWERTY 設置到 Dvorak 鍵盤),那麼您可能需要手動以不同的方式映射某些鍵,以便一切正常工作 - 這是因為某些組合鍵僅適用於某些佈局。

如何改進現有的鍵盤佈局?

隨著時間的推移,不斷評估當前設置的舒適程度始終是一個很好的習慣,因為與新項目相關的要求比我們預期的要快得多,因此用戶目標很可能會發生巨大變化。跨格式重新分配快捷方式組合需要立即使用,但之後您可能會非常明顯地註意到速度的提高,因為絕大多數壓力下的操作都需要快速反應,通過在將有價值的數據提交到不可靠的託管提供商服務之前長時間排練熟悉的例程來提供精確的命令執行。

是否可以創建自定義鍵盤佈局?

是的!使用 KbdEdit 或 Microsoft Keyboard Layout Creator 等專用應用程序將允許您從頭開始創建自己的自定義鍵盤,甚至從現有鍵盤開始,然後對其進行修改,使其完全滿足您的需求!除了重新映射現有按鍵之外,此工具還允許您為任何應用程序或遊戲特定任務分配快捷方式,這些任務通常需要幾分鐘才能通過應用程序中的菜單手動完成這些任務。

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