Combating Climate Change: Performance

Lenovo's GHG Emissions Performance

Lenovo began reporting its GHG emissions performance in our calendar year 2006 Corporate Environmental Report. We continue to track, report, and strive to improve our performance yearly. Detailed in the table below are emissions data from our last eight fiscal years. The table includes Scope 1, 2 (location- and market-based) and 3 emissions for Lenovo’s global operations.

Note 1: As part of our improvements efforts, beginning April 1, 2009 Lenovo transitioned to reporting energy and climate change performance in conjunction with our financial year (FY = Apr 1 through Mar 31). Following this change at the recommendation of our external verifier, Lenovo changed its base year for GHG emissions to FY 2009/10.

Note 2: Lenovo started to report location- and market-based Scope 2 emissions from FY 2015/16. Base and consecutive year Scope 2 totals are the same for the location- and market-based methods as product and supplier-specific market-based data were not available in the base year and consecutive years; as such, the location-based results have been used as a proxy for the market-based method.

Lenovo's GHG Emissions
(amounts are in MT CO2-e)
FY 2009/10 FY 2010/11 FY 2011/12 FY 2012/13 FY 2013/14 FY 2014/15 FY 2015/16 FY 2016/17 FY 2017/18
Scope 1
14,460*
14,086*
13,849*
11,591*
13,507*
8,996*
7,068
8,294
6,371
Scope 2 (location-based)
254,954*
283,171*
301,746*
297,238*
244,372*
221,406*
228,493
213,637
193,760
Total Scope 1&2 (location-based)
269,414
297,257
315,595
308,829
257,879
230,402
235,561
221,931
200,131
Scope 2 (market-based)
254,954
283,171
301,746
297,238
244,372
221,406
203,041
185,400
176,800
Scope 3 FY 2009/10 FY 2010/11 FY 2011/12 FY 2012/13 FY 2013/14 FY 2014/15 FY 2015/16 FY 2016/17 FY 2017/18
  Business Travel
15,675
24,316
31,588
24,793
26,844
34,600
39,000
58,000
49,000
  Product Transportation**
-
-
387,250
267,530
316,594
293,102
326,840
351,100
359,000
  Emissions from Waste***
-
-
524
870
1,058
2,138
2,149
2,390
1,700
  Employee Commuting
-
-
22,219
23,196
24,720
30,700
26,300
23,800
20,100
  Purchased Goods and Services****
-
-
-
1,279,866
1,117,052
1,054,683
1,646,141
2,054,900
1,855,000
  Fuel-and-Energy Related Activities*****
-
-
-
7,134
8,936
10,737
14,664
12,300
11,900
  Use of Sold Products******
-
-
-
-
14,300,000
12,800,000
12,000,000
11,600,000
11,847,000
  End-of-Life Treatment of Sold Products******
-
-
-
-
400,000
300,000
290,000
280,000
271,000
  Capital Goods*******
-
-
-
-
-
37,700
227,700
101,000
246,000

* At the end of FY 2012/13 Lenovo adjusted its historical Scope 1 and 2 CO2e emissions data to account for acquiring Medion in Germany and creating a joint venture with NEC in Japan. At the end of FY 2015/16 Lenovo adjusted historic Scope 1 and 2 CO 2e emissions data to account for acquiring System x and Motorola Mobility.
** Product transportation emissions include key upstream suppliers representing a majority of global logistics spend.
*** Emissions from waste include nonhazardous waste, hazardous waste and wastewater from all manufacturing, R&D locations and some large/small offices. No product waste is included.
**** Purchased goods and services include suppliers covering 90% of direct global supplier spend. The RBA Carbon and Water Reporting Tool was used for collecting the majority of supplier data. Data was allocated based on revenue.
***** Fuel-and-energy related activities (not included in Scope 1 or 2) include transmission and distribution (T&D) losses from Lenovo's worldwide purchased electricity and natural gas. A World Bank database and an Energy Star Performance Rating document were used for determining T&D loss rates.
****** Lenovo used the current Product Attribute Impact Algorithm (PAIA) notebook, desktop, monitor, tablet, all-in-one, ThinClient and server tool for calculating the emissions of Lenovo's typical notebook, desktop, monitor, tablet, all-in-one, ThinClient and server. The calculated results show the emissions distribution of different parts and also for the use, packaging, transportation and end-of-life treatment categories. The emissions associated with the use and end-of-life treatment of sold products were estimated on a "narrow" baseline for the typical notebook, desktop, monitor, tablet, all-in-one, ThinClient and server multiplied by sold/shipped product volumes.
******* Emissions from capital goods were estimated based on capital goods purchased in a given year. All capital goods were converted to a common currency unit and categorized to align with industry codes. Emission factors for different types of capital goods were taken from the 2012 Guidelines to Defra GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting, Annex 13 adjusted for inflation and exchange rates.

Lenovo's Scope 1 and 2 absolute emissions during FY 2017/18 decreased. Lenovo emissions inventory, normalized by total revenue, employee population, floor area and unit of production, decreased in comparison with the previous year.

Overall, Scope 3 emissions increased slightly. Lenovo's reporting categories included: business travel, emissions associated with product transportation, site waste, employee commuting, purchased goods and services, fuel- and energy-related activities not included in Scope 1 or 2, emissions from use of products, emissions from end-of-life of products and emissions from capital goods.

During FY 2017/18, Lenovo achieved a 32 percent emissions reduction relative to FY 2009/10. Lenovo is on track to achieve our target to reduce combined Scope 1 and 2 emissions by 40% by 2020 relative to our base year.

Lenovo partnered with ClimeCo and purchased 10,000 MT CO2e, of carbon offsets, 35,000 MWh of Green-e Energy certified RECs, 45,000 MWh of I-RECs and 6,500 MWh of GOs, which supported 100 percent renewable energy projects in China (wind), Europe (wind) and the U.S. (wind). These renewable commodities were in addition to local purchases by Lenovo's sites. The 2017 retired carbon offsets, RECs and REGOs certificates are available here: 2017

Picture 1-3: Lenovo supported hydro projects in Sichuan province in China.

Description: Carbon offsets purchased by Lenovo supported two small-scale water projects in China. The Shilong and Siliping Small-Scale Hydro Power Projects utilize hydrological resources of the Wenquan River. The river hydro facilities generate low emissions electricity for the Central China Power Grid. Lenovo also supported the Yanyuan Shimenkan Hydro Power project through purchasing International Renewable Energy Credits.

Picture 4: Lenovo supported a wind project in Missouri, USA.

Description: RECs purchased by Lenovo supported the 150 MW Lost Creek Wind Farm project in DeKalb County, Missouri. This project features 100 General Electric 1.5 MW turbines. This clean energy project generates enough electricity to power approximately 44,000 homes annually.


Picture 5: Lenovo supported small hydro projects in Europe.

Description: Renewable Energy Guarantees of Origin purchased by Lenovo supported a mix of several small hydro plants that supplied renewable power to Romania, Slovakia and United Kingdom.

For more information about ClimeCo Corporation, visit www.climeco.com

Any renewable energy instruments purchased by Lenovo must demonstrate that carbon reductions are real, additional, permanent, verifiable and certified to the recognizable standards (e.g. Green-e, VCS, I-REC).

To ensure credibility, Lenovo continues the practice of having its data externally verified. Since FY 2009/10 Lenovo has had its GHG data verified annually against ISO 14064-3:2006: Greenhouse gases – Part 3: Specification with guidance for the validation and verification of greenhouse gas assertion, and ISO 14065:2007. The most recent verification is available here: FY 2018/19.

For additional details on Lenovo's GHG emissions inventory management, please see Lenovo's Sustainability Reports.

External Initiatives

CDP Lenovo discloses greenhouse gas emissions and climate change strategies through CDP, a voluntary public reporting system. CDP is an independent not-for-profit organization holding the largest database of primary corporate climate change information in the world. Lenovo began participation in 2009 and has been reporting to two CDP climate change programs: Climate Change (formerly named Investor) CDP and the CDP supply chain.

"Lenovo has been working with CDP, an international, not-for-profit organisation providing the only global system for companies and cities to measure, disclose, manage and share vital environmental information, for the past years to report on their environmental related information to their stakeholders and the general public. Lenovo, as one of internationally leading companies, embraces the traditional Chinese business wisdom and the contemporary universal business ethics, fully understands that transparency could create value, get smart and get engaged through good data. Lenovo sets an excellent example for companies, especially for Chinese ones to follow."
~ Sabrina Zhang, CDP China Country Director

Lenovo's CDP responses are publically available on the CDP website (scroll down to the bottom of the page and enter "Lenovo" in the search box).

Over 6,300 companies responded to CDP in 2017. Lenovo's response to the 2017 Climate Change questionnaire was rated as Leadership Level with a score of A-, the second year in a row Lenovo achieved that score.We also responded to the 2017 Supply Chain questionnaire and received a score of A-.

In October 2017 we received the 2017 CDP Award of Entrepreneurship on Responding to Climate Change at the CDP China report launch event.

CDP

 

Lenovo’s efforts in addressing climate change have been featured in several reports:

 

Lenovo supports multi-stakeholder efforts to drive progress in climate change mitigation:

Lenovo supports the conclusions as presented by the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) - "Climate Change 2014". Lenovo concurs with the findings and agrees that specific actions are needed to stabilize atmospheric GHG levels and hold global average temperatures to acceptable increases. The actions supported by Lenovo include reducing global emissions by 40 to 70% between 2010 and 2050 and hitting zero by 2100 to maintain global warming below 2 degrees Celsius over the 21st century relative to pre-industrial levels.