ESG Sustainability

Supply Chain

Our Approach

Lenovo is committed to sound Environmental, Social and Governance management across its end-to-end supply chain process. Along with demanding high-quality materials, parts, and products from our suppliers, we have ESG-specific systems in place, supported by contractual requirements to help ensure our suppliers meet or exceed applicable labor, environmental, health and safety, and ethics standards.

We recognize there is no end to this journey and there will be opportunities for improvement continually. Our approach includes:

Aspiring to have all workers in our supply chain be treated with dignity and respect
Managing all operations consistent with the spirit and intent of the U.N. Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Labor Organization (ILO) Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work
Expecting our suppliers to continually reduce the environmental impacts of their operations
Obligating our suppliers to always conduct their business ethically
Working tirelessly to develop and maintain our supplier relationships

Our Supply Chain at a Glance

As an approximate percentage of production spend:


of our procurement is with fewer than 130 large suppliers who typically have robust sustainability programs

of our procurement is with fewer than 130 large suppliers who typically have robust sustainability programs


of our suppliers are independently audited and covered in our direct validation efforts

of our suppliers are independently audited and covered in our direct validation efforts


of our suppliers have ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 certifications

of our suppliers have ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 certifications


of our suppliers issue formal public sustainability reports

of our suppliers issue formal public sustainability reports


of our suppliers are formal Responsible Business Alliance members

of our suppliers are formal Responsible Business Alliance members

* Data as of July 2022 Key Supplier Base Report

Lenovo Supplier Code of Conduct

Key Elements:

  • Procurement Values and Ethical Dealings
  • Conflicts of Interest and Business Integrity
  • Supply Chain Security
  • Human Rights
  • Responsible Business Alliance
  • Employment Agencies
  • Climate Change
  • Environmental Aspects
  • Responsible Sourcing of Raw Materials
  • Non-Discrimination and Non-Retaliation
  • Supplier Diversity
  • Sustainability Reports, Assessments and Product Certifications
  • Supply Chain Due Diligence
  • Reporting Concerns

Human Rights, Environmental Impacts, Integrity

We expect our suppliers to meet the highest standards of responsible and ethical conduct regarding how they treat their workers and the environment, and how they do business. This expectation is supported by contractual requirements.

Lenovo’s standard purchase order (PO), PO Terms and Conditions, and contracts stipulate supplier compliance with our comprehensive Supplier Code of Conduct. This code upholds our values and includes provisions that prohibit human trafficking, discrimination, retaliation to worker complaints, bribery, and corruption. It also requires our suppliers to have formal grievance mechanisms in place. We will assess conformance to these requirements in making procurement decisions.

Lenovo works with the electronics industry on supply chain issues through our Responsible Business Alliance (RBA) (formerly the Electronics Industry Citizenship Coalition (EICC)) membership. Lenovo contractually applies the RBA Code of Conduct and associated audit requirements.

RBA Leadership and Compliance Result

Regardless of their RBA self-assessment risk level, Lenovo requires 95 percent of suppliers by spend to conduct an RBA VAP audit or an equivalent independent, third-party audit by RBA-approved auditors every two years. In FY 2021/22, a total of 71 suppliers were audited. The table below provides an overview of Lenovo’s suppliers’ annual RBA audit performance.

Lenovo started an effort to require its suppliers to commit to achieving RBA Validated Audit Program (VAP) Recognition and Factory of Choice (FOC) designations to demonstrate leadership in ESG. In FY 2021/22, 87 percent of Lenovo’s suppliers by spend achieved VAP Recognition, and almost 6 percent of the spend was designated FOC. It is Lenovo’s goal that by 2024, 95 percent of its suppliers by spend will have RBA VAP recognition and 50 percent will have FOC recognition.

Labor Score Health & Safety Score Environment Score Ethics Score Management Score Total Score # of Priority findings # of Major findings
2017 153 158 181 191 183 143 0.6 6.3
2018 156 167 184 191 188 149 0.7 5.0
2019 157 174 184 197 187 153 0.4 5.0
2020 157 173 189 199 190 155 0.3 5.4
2021 158 180 193 198 196 165 0.1 4.7
ODM Partners
2019 156 175 182 197 188 156 0.2 5.6
2020 166 188 196 200 197 172 0.2 3.3
2021 167 181 197 194 194 170 0.1 3.9

*Data as in Lenovo 2021/22 ESG Report

Working Hours

When there are audit findings, we ensure closure of supplier action plan. The most common supplier audit findings are related to an industry-wide problem of excessive working hours and insufficient time off for their employees.

Lenovo requires its outsourced manufacturers to report their employees’ working hours and time of performance monthly via an online tool so that it can take action to resolve any issues that are identified.

The FY 2021/22 results are shown here:

*Data as in Lenovo 2021/22 ESG Report

Forced Labor

To better detect and mitigate the forced labor risks, Lenovo adopts and implements preventive measures. In FY 2021/22, some of Lenovo’s actions to prevent this practice were:

  • Updated version of the Supplier Code of Conduct enhancing the management of labor agents and contractors
  • Updated version of the Procurement Source Right Code 6.1, improved with new supplier validation process
  • Mandatory education and certification on forced labor prevention for a total of 325 sourcing managers from all global business groups
  • A third-party ESG risk assessment tool (EcoVadis) launched to screen suppliers throughout the supply chain tiers
  • Quarterly discussions with suppliers on potential red flags related to forced labor
  • Regular RBA Responsible Labor Initiative/VAP workgroup engagements

Environmental Impact

Currently, we ask our suppliers to report their environmental impact data (GHG emissions, water usage, waste generation, renewable energy) formally via the RBA or the CDP reporting methodologies in addition to responding to the Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs (IPE).

The 2021 Program performance as below:

Climate Change

Lenovo’s most recent supplier engagement efforts covered 94 percent of procurement spend. The efforts identified the following results (reported by total procurement spend):
Suppliers with public GHG reduction goals
Suppliers who track and report renewable energy generation and purchases
Suppliers with third-party verification of their GHG emissions data
Suppliers with renewable energy goals

*Data as in Lenovo 2021/22 ESG Report

Science Based Targets for Suppliers
  • Lenovo is engaging and incentivizing production procurement and ODM suppliers to also commit to the Science-Based Target initiative (SBTi).
  • During the reporting period, 28 percent of its procurement spend included suppliers with formally recognized SBT’s which was an increase of 4 percent from the previous year. It is Lenovo’s goal to achieve 95 percent of procurement spend with suppliers that implement SBT’s.


During the last data collection period, 76 percent of procurement spend was with suppliers with quantified water reduction goals.
Water risks within Lenovo’s operational footprint and supply chain are assessed annually using pubdivcly available water risk tools (World Resources Institute’s Aqueduct and WWF’s Water Risk Filter Tool).


The waste-related information collected from suppliers includes data such as annual hazardous and nonhazardous waste volumes. During the last data collection period, 83 percent of procurement spend was with suppliers with quantified waste reduction goals


Lenovo achieved a CDP score of “A” for its Supplier Engagement Rating in Climate Change, also listed on the Supplier Engagement Rating Leader Board (has maintained this honor for four consecutive years, since 2018).
Lenovo’s increasing efforts to optimize supply chain environmental impact has been recognized by the Institute of Public & Environmental Affairs (IPE) Green Supply Chain Corporate Information Transparency Index (CITI) and was ranked among the Top 10 in the IT industry.

*Data as in Lenovo 2021/22 ESG Report

Responsible Sourcing of Raw Materials

  • Lenovo supports the efforts of the RMI to address materials beyond 3TG. In FY 2021/22, Lenovo conducted extensive due diligence for its cobalt supply chain using the Minerals Reporting Template (EMRT) and the RMI Responsible Minerals Assurance Process (RMAP). Lenovo will coordinate with the RMI as RMI performs risk profiles on other materials, assess the content in its products, and further develop due diligence efforts to mitigate supply chain risk. For more information, please visit the Lenovo Responsible Sourcing webpage.
  • 2021 Program Performance (% of Procurement Spend)
100% Ta Maintained 100% Tantalum conformance
96% ICON Attained overall active smelters conformance
91% Sn Attained Tin conformance
100% W Attained Tungsten conformance
95% Au Attained overall active smelters Gold conformance
94% ICON Suppliers with public conflict mineral policies
79% ICON Suppliers who are formal RMI members
71% ICON Suppliers with public conflict minerals reports


In FY 2021/22, Lenovo began to strategically expand the scope of ESG assessments to suppliers across all categories by launching the EcoVadis tools
Lenovo has implemented the EcoVadis IQ tool to screen suppliers’ ESG risk, based on their inherent Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) risks and procurement information. In FY 2021/22, more than 457 suppliers were processed in the EcoVadis IQ tool, and 110 suppliers were invited to conduct an EcoVadis ESG assessment.
Lenovo continues to ensure that all strategically important suppliers participate in the EcoVadis program and achieve at least 45 of 100 points or a comparable audit result. Suppliers scoring less than 45 out of 100 points must implement a corrective action plan (CAP) and the progress will be tracked within 90 days.

Supplier ESG Performance Evaluation

  • ESG performance with our Top 117 suppliers (typically 95 percent of our procurement spend) is quantified with 32 key indicators across RBA, Environmental Impact, Responsible Sourcing of Raw Materials, EcoVadis and Sustainability Reporting factors.
  • ESG is then applied as an overall penalty/credit multiplier across the approximately 200+ supplier report cards issued each quarter.
  • Furthermore, we track the financial and business stability of over 300+ suppliers with two real-time risk-monitoring tools-D&B and CRM. Business stability is a strong leading indicator of sustainability programs.

Supplier Engagements

Lenovo offers and provides the following training programs to suppliers, in order to facilitate supplier capability building:
  • Semi-annual communications on the RBA, environmental impact, responsible sourcing of raw materials, key ISO certifications, ESG Reporting and Supplier Code of Conduct expectations
  • Lenovo created education files for suppliers to learn its ESG requirements while providing an education session to 576 supplier attendees at 2021 Lenovo Standards and Certification Supplier Conference
  • In FY 2021/22, Lenovo’s procurement team began adding an ESG standard template into its quarterly business review (QBR) with suppliers to maintain ESG as a topic of discussion

Supplier ESG Awards

Lenovo offers and provides the following training programs to suppliers, in order to facilitate supplier capability building:
  • To reduce the impact of Lenovo’s business to the climate, decarbonization has become a critical pillar in Lenovo Global Supply Chain’s FY2022/23 Strategy.
  • Lenovo appreciates suppliers’ cooperativeness in Lenovo’s climate journey and gave the following suppliers “2022 Supplier Climate Action Star” award for their outstanding performance in climate change related disclosure, target setting, and emission reduction initiatives:
    • Wistron
    • Innolux
    • Inventec
  • In addition, Lenovo also awarded the “2022 Supplier Renewable Energy Star” to ATL for their excellence in renewable energy procurement and usage.