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Think Green – Combating Climate Change

 Climate Change Policy  Climate Change Strategy  Climate Change Objectives and Targets
Lenovo's GHG Emissions Performance  Lenovo's Operations  Renewable Energy
 Energy Efficient Products and Measuring Product Efficiency  Supply Chain  External Initiatives

Lenovo is committed to continually reducing the global carbon footprint of all of its business activities. This commitment is demonstrated by developing Lenovo's corporate Climate Change Policy, setting aggressive corporate-wide Climate Change Objectives and Targets, and implementing a long term comprehensive Climate Change Strategy. Management of climate change activities and programs is carried out within the scope of Lenovo's global environmental management system (EMS).


Climate Change Policy

Lenovo's corporate climate change policy was signed by Yuanqing Yang, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, on August 6, 2010. This policy applies to all Lenovo's operations and activities.


Click here for more information on Lenovo's climate change policy.


Climate Change Strategy

Lenovo’s climate change strategy focuses on five areas of influence. Lenovo identifies and works with partners in each of these areas to drive and facilitate global, national and local greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions.


The areas of influence include:

  • •  Lenovo internal operations and the direct emissions from our facilities (Scope 1 emissions),
  • •  Energy suppliers and their operational emissions which are attributable to our activities (Scope 2 emissions),
  • •  Our supply chain and emissions associated with the production and delivery of goods and services to Lenovo (cradle to gate – Upstream Scope 3 emissions),
  • •  Our customers and the emissions associated with their procurement, use and disposal of our products (gate to grave – Downstream Scope 3 emissions),
  • •  Government, NGO, and public actions in support of transition to a low carbon economy.


For more details on Lenovo's climate change strategy, please see the white paper Addressing Climate Change at Lenovo.


Climate Change Objectives and Targets

In accordance with the requirements of Lenovo's EMS, energy consumption, the associated GHG emissions and the resulting climate change impacts have been identified as significant environmental aspects and impacts for the company. To address these significant aspects, company-wide short and long term climate change objectives and targets (O&T) are established.  Energy and emissions reductions plans to support accomplishing these O&T are maintained and updated annually. The energy and emissions project hierarchy that Lenovo uses to establish these plans favors energy efficiency first, use of renewable energy second and finally the purchase of renewable energy credits or carbon offsets.


Over 70 energy efficiency and renewable energy projects were implemented during the past five years. Purchase of renewable energy credits and carbon offsets was used to supplement this good work and ensure we met our reduction goals. To date this work was carried out exclusively by Lenovo personnel. As we continue rapid growth in infrastructure, organization and product sales meeting our long term goals becomes more challenging. To help us address this we are now evaluating external partners to help us drive continued improvement in this area.


Progress towards accomplishing our O&T is tracked on a quarterly basis and reported to senior management semiannually. 


Lenovo’s milestone of reducing Scope 2 emissions by 13% relative to FY 2009/10 and offsetting or eliminating all Scope 1 emissions was achieved by March 31, 2013. We are exploring opportunities to take energy efficiency and GHG emissions reductions to the next level and looking into the following options: (1) Performing comprehensive energy audits that would identify opportunities at manufacturing and research and development sites and develop action plans for actual cost savings. (2) Putting aside financial sources in the form of a “green fund” that would be used for energy and greenhouse gas reduction projects. (3) Establishing an internal carbon charge program that would make each business unit responsible for their own emissions and targeted reductions. Lenovo is considering each of these approaches and others as we chart our future course in meeting our next milestones in the 10 year initiative to reduce Scope 2 emissions by 16% and 20%, respectively for FY 2015/16 and FY 2019/20. The targeted reductions are relative to FY 2009/10.


Click here for more information on Lenovo’s climate change objectives and targets.


Lenovo's GHG Emissions Performance

Lenovo began reporting its GHG emissions performance in our calendar year 2006 Corporate Environmental Report. We continue to track, report, and strive to improve our performance yearly. Detailed in the table below are emissions data from our last four fiscal years.[1] The table includes Scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions for Lenovo’s global operations. 


Note 1: As part of our improvements efforts, beginning April 1, 2009 Lenovo transitioned to reporting energy and climate change performance in conjunction with our financial year (FY = Apr 1 through Mar 31). Following this change at the recommendation of our external verifier Lenovo changed its base year for GHG emissions to FY 2009/10.

Lenovo's GHG Emissions
(amounts are in MT CO2-e)
FY 2009/10 FY 2010/11 FY 2011/12 FY 2012/13
Scope 1
Scope 2
Total Scope 1&2
Scope 3
  Business Travel
  Product Transportation**
  Emissions from Waste***
  Employee Commuting
  Purchased Goods and Services****
  Fuel-and-Energy Related Activities*****

* At the end of FY 2012/13 Lenovo adjusted its historical CO2e emissions data to account for acquiring Medion in Germany and creating joint venture with NEC in Japan. 
** Product transportation emissions include key downstream suppliers representing majority of global logistics spend.
*** Emissions from waste include non-hazardous waste, hazardous waste and waste water from all manufacturing and R&D locations and some large offices. No product waste is included. 
**** Purchased goods and services include suppliers covering 95% of direct global suppliers spend. The EICC Carbon and Water Reporting Tool was used for main collection of suppliers data. Data was allocated based on revenue. 
***** Fuel-and-energy related activities (not included in Scope 1 or 2) include transmission & distribution (T&D) losses from Lenovo's worldwide purchased electricity and natural gas. A World Bank database and Energy Star Performance Rating document were used for determining T&D loss rates.


Lenovo’s Scope 1, 2 and 3 absolute emissions increased during FY 2012/13. The Scope 1 and 2 emissions increases were due to organic growth and the acquisition of the German electronics company Medion and entry into joint venture with NEC, Japan. However, Lenovo’s emissions intensity improved when measured against total revenue, employee population, and unit of production.


Increases in Scope 3 emissions were driven by the expansion of the number of Scope 3 categories Lenovo reports and increases in employee population and production. In addition to business travel, emissions associated with product transportation, site waste and employee commuting Lenovo now also reports emissions from purchased goods and services and fuel-and-energy related activities not include in Scope 1 or 2. 


For additional details on Lenovo's GHG emissions inventory management please see Lenovo's Sustainability reports.


To ensure credibility, Lenovo continues the practice of having its data externally verified. Lenovo’s FY 2009/10, FY 2010/11, FY 2011/12 and FY 2012/13 GHG data were verified against ISO 14064-3:2006: Greenhouse gases – Part 3: Specification with guidance for the validation and verification of greenhouse gas assertion, and ISO 14065:2007. FY 2011/12 and FY 2012/13 data was verified to a reasonable level of assurance. The most recent verification is available here: FY 2012/13.


Lenovo’s  Operations

Lenovo works internally to improve the energy efficiency of our operations. During FY 2012/13 Lenovo implemented 11 new energy efficiency projects in addition to the 50 plus that were implemented in the previous 3 years. These new projects will contribute approximately $116,000 in savings and reduce energy consumption by 2,000 MWh annually. We are now working with external partners to identify further opportunities to reduce energy use and GHG emissions. 


Some examples of implemented energy savings activities are:

  • •  Installation of low energy lighting and related electrical equipment,
  • •  Energy efficiency improvements to HVAC system and chillers,
  • •  Eliminating or improving usage of transformers and air compressors,
  • •  Manufacturing area optimization-integrating and modifying assembly lines,
  • •  Reducing PC on-line testing time,
  • •  Building management adjustments that turn lights/HVAC on later in morning and off earlier in the afternoon,
  • •  Improving data centers energy efficiency,
  • •  Consolidation of operations,
  • •  Signs/training for turning lights, laptops off,
  • •  Reduction in the number of company operated vehicles,
  • •  Acquisition of ENERGY STAR® certification for Morrisville, NC buildings,
  • •  Achievement of LEED Commercial Interiors Gold Certification for a new office in Milan, Italy and
  • •  Summer Hours program.


Lenovo was selected for a pilot emission trading system in China. It was determined by Beijing Municipal authority in 2013 that Lenovo Beijing is a significant energy consumption enterprise and such must meet an emissions trading requirement and emissions reduction of 2% year to year for our Beijing sites. Lenovo is closely monitoring other provinces where this pilot program has been imposed since our sites in Shanghai, Shenzhen, Huiyang and Wuhan could be impacted in the future. The above implemented energy efficiency projects will help us meet the emissions reductions requirements. Additionally, Lenovo is working on establishing a comprehensive energy system for Beijing sites to minimize the amount of carbon emissions allowances we must purchase.


Lenovo also continues to minimize the use of packaging material consumption per box while driving the use of environmentally sustainable materials year by year, reduce transportation miles incurred and improve reuse of packaging and shipping materials. Actions all of which ultimately result in lower carbon emissions. Additionally it was estimated that Lenovo avoided in FY 2012/13 more than 27,050 MT CO2e thanks to recycling end-of-life electronic products.[2]


Note 2: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Waste Reduction Model (WARM, February 2012)’s emission factor of 2.35 MT CO2e per short ton was used for the estimate - http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/waste/calculators/Warm_home.html.


In an effort to minimize Lenovo’s climate change impact and reduce its carbon footprint, Lenovo uses local manufacturing facilities in the Americas, Europe and Asia, as well as the lowest carbon shipping methods via truck, rail or sea, where possible. Lenovo is working closely with its shipping partners to ship products responsibly. Lighter and smaller products, more compact and reusable packaging materials, bulk shipping alternatives, and regional distribution facilities allow for lighter loads, load consolidation and full truck load shipments. During 2009, Lenovo shifted 7 percent of notebooks from air transport to ocean transport to minimize environmental impacts related to shipping. In 2012 Lenovo has implemented Pallet Pooling project which will drive wooden pallet recycle and consumption reduction.


During FY 2012/13 Lenovo began collecting and calculating product transportation emissions data via using DHL carbon data dashboard. Emission from air and ocean international transport were estimated based on the shipment data received from 4 key Lenovo’s carriers which represented majority of worldwide global logistics spend. We have plans for future work in this area as follows: (1) expand emissions data collection to additional key suppliers, (2) include domestic transport to the inventory, and (3) look more closely into upstream transportation and distribution emissions.


GFA logoIn FY 2012/13 Lenovo has become a founding board member of the Green Freight Asia Network. This non-profit association’s goal is to promote and improve fuel efficient freight transport and decrease air pollution in Asia. Green Freight Asia was officially launched in October, 2013. Please visit www.greenfreightasia.org for further information.


Recognition and Awards

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recognizes Lenovo for green power purchase. In July 2013 Lenovo appeared for the first time on the U.S EPA’s Top 30 Tech & Telecom list of the largest green power purchasers. Lenovo is purchasing more than 35 million kWh of green power annually by buying renewable energy certificates from Sterling Planet and NextEra Energy Resources. According to the U.S. EPA, Lenovo's green power purchase of more than 35 million kWh is equivalent to avoiding the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions of more than 5,000 passenger vehicles per year or the CO2 emissions from the electricity use of nearly 4,000 average American homes annually. Please click here for more information: www.epa.gov/greenpower/toplists.


Lenovo has been awarded the 2013 ET Carbon Ranking Leader Award on behalf of the Environmental Investment Organisation. Lenovo has been ranked third in the 2013 BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) 300 Carbon Ranking for greenhouse gas emissions reporting and disclosures. Please visit www.eio.org.uk for more detail.


Lenovo has been featured in “The Business Case for Carbon Measurement and Disclosure in China” (May 2013) report as one of the Chinese companies that recognize that responding to climate change has become a business imperative. Lenovo’s practices provide an example for other Chinese companies and their role to promote a low carbon future in China. Please see a full report here: The Business Case for Carbon Measurement and Disclosure in China.


Renewable Energy

Lenovo has committed to install local renewable energy generation sources where technically and economically feasible. Hot water solar system was implemented on some buildings in Chinese facilities (approximate energy generated of 69,000 kWh) and solar lamps were installed for parking lot lights in Beijing (approximate energy usage of 2,000 kWh per year).


During FY 2011/12 Lenovo committed to install solar panel arrays at the manufacturing site in Shanghai in conjunction with Chinese government “Golden Sun” program. The project was completed on June 25, 2012 and became operational during July 2012. It has capacity to generate 520 MWh per year, representing between 10-15% of site's annual electricity consumption and reducing GHG emissions by more than 400 MT CO2e yearly. This initiative demonstrates Lenovo's focus on increasing use of renewable energy as a percentage of total electricity use at Lenovo's sites. During a period of July 2012 to March 2013, the solar panels generated 209,835 kWh of solar energy that was use at the site and helped avoid approximately 173 MT CO2e. [3]   


Note 3: Based on 2012 Baseline Emission Factors for Regional Power Grids in China.


Lenovo Shanghai Plant

Solar panels




Earth Era logoLenovo is pleased to purchase renewable energy to support our emission reduction commitments where actual direct energy reductions are not technically or economically feasible. Lenovo has contracted with NextEra Energy Resources to carbon balance a portion of its electricity and steam usage by purchasing Green-e Certified Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) through the company’s innovative EarthEra program. Lenovo has initially committed to purchasing over 10 million kilowatt-hours of electricity per year for 3 years, which will help avoid over 19,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide. This is equivalent to greater than 15% of the carbon emissions associated with Lenovo’s total direct and indirect emissions during FY 2011/12. In addition, 100% of the proceeds from Lenovo’s purchase of RECs will be directed to the EarthEra Renewable Energy Trust and used by NextEra Energy Resources to build new renewable energy facilities in the United States.


Click here for the certificate of retired RECs: 2011, 2012 and 2013.


For more information about the EarthEra renewable energy and carbon offset programs, visit www.earthera.com.


Climate Action logo Lenovo partnered with Climate Action and purchased a little over 5,450 carbon offsets from a renewable energy – biomass waste to energy - project to balance the carbon emissions associated with the purchased power for the new manufacturing facility in Chengdu, China in FY 2012/13.


Click the following link for the project details and information on its economic-social and environmental benefits: biomass waste to energy, and click here for the proof of retired carbon offsets: 2013


For more information about Climate Action and its commitment to deliver clean energy to China, visit http://www.climateaction2n.com/.


Sterling Planet logoLenovo contracted with Sterling Planet for the purchase of 4,000 carbon offsets that verify the reduction of 4,000 MT CO2e and 24,803 MWh of Green-e Energy certified RECs with an offset value of approximately 17,500 MT CO2e. Carbon offsets and RECs supported renewable energy projects such as wind, small hydro, biomass and methane abatement projects.


Click here for the certificate of retired RECs: 2013 and here for the certificate of retired carbon offsets: 2013.


For more information about Sterling Planet and its solutions for carbon mitigation, visit www.sterlingplanet.com

Energy Efficient Products

Lenovo’s historical and continued focus on product and operations energy efficiency provides a strong product differentiator in a market and regulatory environment that increasingly values these attributes. With a development process that places a premium on energy efficiency, an already outstanding offering of energy efficient IT products and internal processes in place to drive continued improvements in operational efficiency, Lenovo is well positioned to benefit from an increasing demand for energy efficient products with smaller carbon footprints.


Energy efficiency is a targeted attribute of the Lenovo product development process. Improvements in product energy efficiency are consistently part of our key environmental objectives and targets.


Lenovo PCs come with built-in energy-efficient tools and eco-friendly features that include:

  • •  For Win8 systems, the "Lenovo Settings" app - provides power management features for the user.
  • •  For other operating systems, Power Manager™ — helps optimize energy used by a running machine and saves up to 69 percent on energy consumption per desktop, per year.
  • •  Active Thermal Management — adjusts processor and fan speeds based on ambient levels.
  • •  Active Directory and LANDesk® — supports remote deployment of power schemes and global settings to allow administrators the ability to control and enforce ThinkPad® energy savings company-wide.
  • •  Cisco EnergyWise software application — allows Cisco networks to control and perform energy management and enables customers to monitor, control and report on the energy use of building equipment and IT devices using a Cisco EnergyWise enabled network.
  • •  Rack Planner — helps users better plan for rack efficiency by increasing rack density and calculating power consumption based on specific configurations.
  • •  Smart Grid — helps users monitor and manage power consumption and temperature of ThinkServer with Intel Node Manager. It can save power, increase rack density, and avoid Data Center hotspots.li>
  • •  PSU smart-on — when system detects that the power loading is low in redundant PSU configuration, system can transfer the loading from 2 PSU to 1 PSU to get higher power efficiency and save power.


Lenovo offers a full complement of ENERGY STAR® qualified notebooks, desktops, workstations, monitors and servers.


Click here for more information about Lenovo’s energy efficient products.

Measuring Product Efficiency

Lenovo recognizes that the existence of a universally accepted method for establishing product carbon footprint (PCF) will promote targeted product energy reduction actions and allow for product differentiation. To this end, Lenovo is engaged in the development of PCF protocols and tools with external partners.


Lenovo is engaged with other members of the information and communication technology (ICT) industry, academia and ENERGY STAR® in the development of a tool to simplify and expedite determination of the PCF for ICT products through the Product Attribute Impact Algorithm (PAIA) project. It is hoped that this work will move the industry towards a standard method for establishing PCF. Lenovo’s product development groups are currently in process of using PAIA notebook, desktop and monitor PCF calculation tool and engaged in development of a tool for all-in-ones and tablets.


Internally Lenovo continues to work on quantifying the lifetime impact of its products. The carbon footprint of Lenovo's products will help identify lifecycle areas where GHG emissions can be effectively reduced. An internal product carbon footprint calculation guidance has been developed to support quantifying the product life cycle GHG emissions of Lenovo's products. This document is written in accordance with ISO 14040 & 44 Environmental management – Life cycle assessment and consistent with Publicly Available Specification 2050, and Greenhouse Gas Protocol's Product Accounting & Reporting Standard. Each business unit must follow this guide in assessing the life cycle emissions of its products.


Lenovo has been actively involved in the following carbon footprint projects:

  • •  Product Carbon Footprint China Standard,
  • •  China ICT Product Life-Cycle Assessment Data Service Platform,
  • •  IEC Technical Report GHG Quantification Methodology for Computers,
  • •  China ICT Supporting Low Carbon Economy,
  • •  EICC Product Carbon Footprint Data Allocation Algorithm Development.


Due to its strong local presence in China, Lenovo is leading its advocacy efforts in PC+ China Energy Efficiency Standard, China Green PC Standard, and is active in the following energy efficiency-related workgroups, associations, and initiatives: China Environmental Labeling Program, Energy Saving Work Association of Chinese Institute of Electronics, and China Energy Conservation Program.


For more details on Lenovo’s PCF strategy and initial calculated PCF for a typical Lenovo notebook, desktop and monitor, please see the paper Lenovo’s Product Carbon Footprint Strategy.


Supply Chain

EICC logoLenovo continues to participate in the development and implementation of the Electronics Industry Citizenship Coalition’s carbon/water reporting tool (online platform from 2013 including waste information) for the top Tier 1 suppliers. Based on our suppliers’ Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions reported for 2012 it was estimated that Lenovo’s 43 key suppliers represented 95 percent of direct spend accounted for over 1,117,000 MT CO2e allocated emissions. In comparison with the previous year, Lenovo’s suppliers’ emissions decreased by 12%.


Lenovo plans to engage with its key suppliers on carbon emission reductions opportunities. As part of Lenovo's climate change strategy, an evaluation of potential supplier climate change performance and strategy will become a differentiator in the procurement process. Currently suppliers are awarded additional points on their scorecard if they report their GHG emissions inventory. Additionally we have analyzed our suppliers in terms of having GHG reduction targets and 3rd party verification for their Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions and learned that the number of suppliers with those two metrics has increased. Ultimately this will allow us to identify points in the chain where significant risks are created due to high level of GHG emissions and implement specific mitigation plans including targets relative to those high risk areas.


Click here for additional information about Lenovo’s supplier carbon emissions and reporting.


Lenovo meets annually with its primary suppliers and shares strategies and requirements. Lenovo held a “Lenovo Environmental Affairs and Specifications Communication” conference for over 1,200 suppliers in Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen, China in October 2013. The purpose of the conference was to discuss environmental protection laws, regulations and standards and provide guidance to Lenovo suppliers on how to improve product quality and enhance development of green products to meet or exceed regulatory requirements, Lenovo’s specifications and consumers’ demand. Among other topics, suppliers were also trained on full material disclosure requirements, conflict minerals disclosure and water pollution prevention. Suppliers were also informed that our sustainability commitment includes reducing GHG emissions in our supply chain and that they have a vital role in that effort. Our message included Lenovo’s commitment to engage with them in support of tracking and reporting their emissions data externally and to Lenovo via EICC or CDP, setting their continuous improvement GHG goals, and collaborating on future emissions reduction programs.


Lenovo participated in the Catalyzing Corporate Supply Chain Carbon Footprint Reporting in China’s Export Industries project and has been engaged with World Bank in their project named Spontaneous Promoting Green Travel promoting more environmentally friendly employees’ commuting practices. Please see Lenovo’s carpooling platform as a feature story on the World Bank website: http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2013/04/05/Online-Carpooling-Platform-Makes-Commuting-Greener.

External Initiatives

“Lenovo has been working with CDP, an international, not-for-profit organisation providing the only global system for companies and cities to measure, disclose, manage and share vital environmental information, for the past years to report on their environmental related information to their stakeholders and the general public. Lenovo, as one of internationally leading companies, embraces the traditional Chinese business wisdom and the contemporary universal business ethics, fully understands that transparency could create value, get smart and get engaged through good data. Lenovo sets an excellent example for companies, especially for Chinese ones to follow.”
~ Rusong Li, CDP China Programme Director

Lenovo discloses greenhouse gas emissions and climate change strategies through the voluntary public reporting system - CDP. CDP is an independent not-for-profit organization holding the largest database of primary corporate climate change information in the world. Thousands of organizations from across the world's major economies measure and disclose their greenhouse gas emissions and climate change strategies through CDP. Lenovo began participation in 2009 and has been reporting to two CDP programs: Investor CDP and the CDP supply chain. Moreover Lenovo participated in developing the new ICT sector module that was added to the Investor CDP questionnaire for year 2012 and has supported development of the second version of CDP’s ICT sector module for year 2013.


Lenovo's annual GHG report is publicly available at http://www.cdproject.net.


Lenovo’s response to the 2013 CDP Climate Change Questionnaire achieved a disclosure score of 94 and performance of band A. Lenovo was included in the leaders’ category for both disclosure as well as performance in the Asia ex-Japan region. Based on our results, Lenovo received an award as one of the “Best Overall Responding Companies.”


Click on the image of Jianhua Du, Vice President of Lenovo Group, to watch his speech expressing Lenovo's support for CDP work at bringing the challenges of climate change into sharper focus in the global business (the speech is in Chinese, but it is subtitled in English).


Click here for answers to questions about Lenovo, CDP, and Climate Change.


Lenovo supports the conclusions as presented by the Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) - “Climate Change 2007”. Lenovo concurs with the findings and agrees that specific actions are needed to stabilize atmospheric GHG levels and hold global average temperatures to acceptable increases. The actions supported by Lenovo include the capping of global emissions by 2015, a 30% reduction in emissions from developed countries by 2020 (relative to year 1990 levels), and a 50% reduction in global emissions by 2050 (relative to year 1990 levels).




Climate Change Policy
Addressing Climate Change at Lenovo White Paper
Lenovo PCF Strategy
Climate Change Objectives and Targets
Lenovo GHG verification statement for FY 2012/13
Lenovo Certificate of Retired Carbon Offsets - 2011
Lenovo Certificate of Retired Carbon Offsets - 2012
Lenovo Certificate of Retired Carbon Offsets - 2013
Lenovo Certificate of Retired RECs - 2011
Lenovo Certificate of Retired RECs - 2012
Lenovo Certificate of Retired RECs - 2013
Think Green - Waste and Water
Think Green Products - Energy
Think Green Products - Materials
Think Green Products - Packaging
Think Green Products - Recycling
What’s New: Lenovo’s Green Initiatives
Social investments
Sustainability reports
Social responsibility resources




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